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As with any human dimension, motivation is difficult to define and much more to guide. Let us think about these three theories: rationalism traditional, which considers that we act because we have a reason to do so, thus being responsible for our actions, the mechanicism which would be the opposite: we act on biochemical factors that, if understood, would improve our performance. And you can't miss the empirical determinism which comes to tell us that our behavior has happened when specific conditions are met, the latter is more aligned in the effects derived from learning,
Motivation is formed by many factors such as our personality, basic instinct, learning, expectations, physiological states, etc. Undoubtedly, it is a need or desire that energizes our behavior and directs it towards our goal.
- 1 Motivation and emotion
- 2 The origins of the behavior
- 3 Primary and secondary motivations
- 4 Maslow's pyramid
- 5 Need for achievement
- 6 Membership and power needs
- 7 Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation motivations
- 8 To increase your motivation
Motivation and emotion
Closely linked to it, is the emotion and it is that the two stimulate a certain behavior. Emotion is that positive or negative feeling that is followed by a physiological activation (crying, fear), and a behavior accordingly, that is, the motivations are accompanied by emotions, an example: I have a great motivation to date my companion protected of work that I like, and this right now brings me emotions like joy, fear, love ...
On the other hand, emotions usually have a motivational component in themselves, in this example the emotions of joy and love and fear, among others of course, lead me to finish my obligations at work soon, leave with "my best pints", cancel or postpone other commitments, etc.
The origins of the behavior
We want that job, we have already been given the interview and in the end we are missing. We have gone to the nutritionist and we signed up for the gym and suddenly we go to a free Chinese corner buffet. We read the newspaper and the first news is that the husband who has just murdered his unfaithful wife is considered guilty. What happened? Why do I miss the interview that could improve my professional area? How do I think of going to “feast” after having committed myself and being following a diet and a new lifestyle? Why does the husband take revenge on his wife in the most cruel way?
Each and every one of these behaviors has traveled many paths, accentuated by primary impulses and nuanced by learning, physiological imperatives, the need to explore and dominate the environment, those expectations, the anxiety itself that activates or blocks motivation and our personality.
Primary and secondary motivations
Many of our motivations come from the need for survival: thirst, hunger, sleep, breathing, maintaining body temperature and of course, sexual need, these are primary motivations and regulate homeostatically, that is, they seek balance at all costs.
The need will create an activation, consistent with the intensity of the motive, which in turn is aimed at reducing the momentum. The most dependent are the biological needs, but the rest of the impulses are not necessarily marked by the lack, they can be stimulated from the outside, that is, through environmental incentives that are capable of activating our behavior,
The secondary motivations they are those that do not satisfy a biological need, they are called acquired because it influences, among other things, learning and culture, they are of a more social type.
It is possible to be motivated if something produces a reward or a punishment, for example sports hobbies, professional vocation, the desire for social status, etc.
In the year of 1970, Abraham Maslow He proposed a hierarchy of motivations that today is still perfectly valid:
As we see here, our interests are ascending from the base, which would be the physiological needs, through those of security, belonging or affiliation, love, recognition and reaching self-realization, which includes the most transcendental of us, the development of our own Nature in all aspects.
As a general rule and multidisciplinary analysis, you cannot concentrate on your work or studies if you are not insured of your livelihood or are about to evict you from your home. In any case, the order of the needs is not universally demonstrated again the individual differences come into play.
It is possible that adult behavior mainly follows motives that have achieved full autonomy in the face of any need for biological order, that is to say that they become habits, for example: we order our things because we receive praise or punishment, but after constantly practicing it, Order ends up being a desired behavior. In other words, depending on instrumental learning we can condition our interests.
Need for achievement
Think about yourself for a moment, do you strive to succeed, to stand out in the objectives that have been set for you ?, or do you think of yourself email protected as email protected abúamail protected, conformista or excessively email protected ?, well if you lean more For the first question you are greatly protected email for one of the most common impulses of our society: obtaining achievements, achieving a significant result and improving your tasks.
Styles of people with a great need for achievement
- They tend to prefer moderately difficult tasks that allow them to achieve success, since this will be attributed to their own effort and skills.
- They adjust to high self-control and are persistent
- They are willing to devote their time to achieving their goals.
Individual differences come from the personality structure of each protected email, protected email directs our drive to the achievement of success and protected email to avoid failure. Being then more susceptible to the prize or to the punishment, in addition to the enormous importance the educational models and cognitive anchors that have been learned since childhood.
Membership and power needs
Other typical motivations are those of affiliation and power, but sometimes we confuse them with that of achievement.
As a summary, the former refer to the concern for establishing, maintaining and restoring friendly relations, and the latter to the concern for reputation, influence and shield to others.
Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation motivations
The motivation that arises within ourselves, for example the desire to learn to know, that need to do well for our own satisfaction we call it intrinsic. The extrinsic it is stimulated from the outside through rewards, for example, extra bonuses, the candy given to the child, etc.
The most powerful is undoubtedly the intrinsic, so if you can give a more transcendental meaning to what you do by obligation you will surely feel more protected and email protected
To increase your motivation
You may be interested: 50 motivational phrases for success
- Bermúdez, J., Pérez-García, A. M., Ruiz Caballero, J. A., Sanjuán, P. and Rueda, B. (2012). Personality Psychology. Madrid: UNED.
- Count Pastor, M., Rivero Expósito, M. P., Menéndez Balaña, F. J. and Sanz Aparicio, M. T. (2013). The psychology of motivation. Madrid: Editorial Sanz y Torres.
- The motivation(2007). In Encyclopedia of Psychology. (Vol. 2, 35-57 pp). Spain: Ocean.
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