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- 1 What is hysteria or conversion disorder?
- 2 Common symptoms of hysteria or conversion disorder
- 3 The hysterical is not a simulator
- 4 Characteristics of the histrionic personality
- 5 Associated Disorders
- 6 General pattern of hysteria
- 7 Hysteria treatment
What is hysteria or conversion disorder?
Some people show throughout their lives, a way of perceiving reality, thinking, feeling and connecting with others, that due to their inflexibility and the damages that it entails in their personal, social and labor development, they must be considered as true "personality disorders."
The hysteria or hysterical neurosis, is a nervous disease that belongs to the group of neuroses. His technical name isconversion disorder. It is characterized by frequent psychic mood swings and emotional disturbances that may be accompanied by seizures, paralysis and other physical symptoms.
Common symptoms of hysteria or conversion disorder
Hysterical symptoms are an attempt at defense in a situation that does not know how to solve.
Associated symptoms of any type usually appear, but they are exaggerated and picturesque. Imitate diseases, so they can lead to confusion.
The main features are:
- Exaggerated and changing emotion. If they criticize them they can get upset.
- A frankly theatrical behavior
- A permanent need for be in the limelight in relationships with others.
- They are vivacious, dramatic, seductive, enthusiastic, flattering, obsequious and that is why they are the "soul of the holidays".
- They are prone to foreboding and adopt convictions quickly.
- They are fanciful.
- They look for the Novelty because otherwise they get bored.
- They are little tolerant; They tend to get immediate gratification.
- They start projects with enthusiasm, but quickly their enthusiasm fades. They are fickle also in relationships.
The hysterical is not a simulator
The simulator wants to look sick, pretend to be sick. The hysterically unconsciously wants to be sick, and he succeeds. It is the transformation of an emotional conflict into somatic or psychic symptoms.
This kind of behavior can appear in different contexts and therefore are maladaptive. Feelings are often expressed quickly and superficially, as well as changing from one moment to another.
The physical aspect, as well as the way of aesthetically impacting on others, is the favorite topic of concern; That is why they invest a lot of time and energy in dressing and grooming. As they are exaggeratedly self-centered, they are very subjective in the appreciation of reality, greatly importing them, the exteriorization of their inner world, always romantic. It would be said to be "Self-dramatize" and may have bad temper accesses with marked frequency, especially in frustrating situations for their "whims." People accuse them of being hypocrites despite their charms. A few decades ago there was talk of "le belle indifference" of hysterics and not without reason these people seduce beyond being consciously proposed.
Characteristics of histrionic personality
People affected by this disorder, far from enjoying its charm, suffer from it; they are usually easily suggested, are easily influenced, dependent on people with some authority and dangerously confident. Pecan of naivety. Unwittingly they fall into the role of "victims" or "princesses."
Sometimes, taking advantage of their histrionic characteristics, they can try to emotionally manipulate others and, in parallel, be dependent and immature.
Due to their provocative sexual behavior, they often have problems with people of the same sex as long as they are seen as potential rivals.
One of the ways they have to coerce others is the suicide threats, but they only appeal to these resources if they are very frustrated in their purposes.
Other times they somatize their conflicts or become deeply depressed.
This disorder is usually associated with somatization disorder, conversion disorder and major depressive disorder. Simultaneity is frequent with borderline, narcissistic, antisocial and dependency personality disorders.
If the pathology is very severe, they can deteriorate and become socially and laborly disabled.
Although their lives seem “to lie”, it is necessary to take them very seriously by providing them with the psychological help they usually need, since their way of being comes from early childhood experiences that for reasons they have not been able to elaborate.
If treated, they improve rapidly and can break the circle of seduction, repression, anguish and an endless series of vital frustrations.
Prevalence: 3% of the general population and 10-15% of consultations.
It must be differentiated from borderline disorder, antisocial disorder, narcissistic disorder, personality disorder by dependence, from personality change due to medical illness.
General pattern of hysteria
A general pattern of excessive emotionality and a search for attention, which begin at the beginning of adulthood and occur in various contexts as indicated by at least 5 of the following items:
- They do not feel comfortable in situations where it is not the center of attention.
- Interaction with others is usually characterized by a sexually seductive or provocative behavior.
- Show a shallow and rapidly changing emotional expression.
- Use the physical appearance to get attention about himself.
- Has a excessively subjective way of speaking and lacking nuances
- Shows self-dramatization, theatricality and exaggerated emotional expression.
- It is suggestible, easily influenced for others or for circumstances
- Consider your relationships more intimate than they are actually.
The specificity of hysteria is sought in the predominance of a certain type of identification, of certain mechanisms (especially repression, often manifest and outcropping) and in the outcrop of childhood conflict. The hysterical disease is very old, since it goes back to Hippocrates. Its delimitation has followed the vicissitudes of the history of medicine. At the end of the 19th century, under the influence of Charcot, the problem of hysteria was brought to the forefront. In the absence of any organic lesion, symptoms were attributed to suggestion, autosuggestion or simulation. Hysteria went on to have the scale of disease such as neurological diseases. Some authors talk about demonstrative personality.
Hysterical neurosis does not always require hospitalization. In most cases, the treatment of hysteria can be carried out successfully on an outpatient basis, if you have a favorable environment.
It is usually treated with psychotherapy. If the patient's physical symptoms are severe, such as paralysis, sore throat, cramps, seizures, some medications can relieve them.